Surreptitious alignment …

or perhaps, I’m just taking advantage of the opportunities provided by the cards of chance as they are dealt?

Either way, my work commitments, along with those from the diploma are not conflicting, allowing me to make some real headway on the assignments and studying. Additionally, the assignments and learning from the diploma are allowing me to further refine my thinking on the Goodrock Park enterprise, the farm plan, the planned activities and the selection of livestock as we reach that next stage.

One of these alignments, is the assignment for the ID and Selection of Livestock. In researching the different breeds, I made it my prioirity to seek to assess the breeds from the perspective of running them on unimproved native pastures and to choose one that is the most likely to be the strongest contender for our parcel.

So, initially, I had to assess ten breeds available in Australia. This led me to creating a range of tables as per below:

Breed 

Type 

Classed 

Origin 

Introduced to Australia 

How 

Angus 

Bos Taurus

British

Scotland

1824

1838

Live import – Hobart

Live import – Victoria

Blonde d’Aquitaine 

Bos Taurus

European

France

1976

Embryo import

Charolais

Bos Taurus

European

France

1969

Semen import

Chianina

Bos Taurus

European

Italy

1974

Semen import

Galloway

Bos Taurus

British

Scotland

1951

Live import[1]

Hereford

Bos Taurus

British

Herefordshire

1826

Live import

Limousin

Bos Taurus

European

France

1975

Mixed imports

Murray Grey

Bos Taurus

Australian

Wodonga

1905

Created

Santa Gertrudis

Bos Indicus

American

Texas

1951

Live import

Simmental

Bos Taurus

European

Switzerland

1972

Semen import

Welsh Black

Bos Taurus

British

Wales

1984

Live import

 

Breed Classifications and introduction to Australia

 

Breed 

Maternal 

Mothering ability 

Gestation length 

Calving ease 

Calf size 

Milking ability 

Fertility 

Angus

X

Good

Short

Good

Small

Average

Good

Blonde d’Aquitaine

 

Average

Long

Low

Large

Average

Average

Charolais

 

Average

Long

Low

Large

Average

Low

Chianina

 

Average

Long

Low

Large

Low

Average

Galloway

X

Good

Short

Good

Small

Average

Good

Hereford

X

Average

Average

Good

Medium

Poor

Good

Limousin

 

Average

Long

Low

 

Average

Good

Murray Grey

X

Good

Average

Excellent

Small

Average

Good

Santa Gertrudis

X

Average

Long

Average

Medium

Average

Poor

Simmental

X

Good

Long

Low

Large

Excellent

Good

Welsh Black

X

Good

Average

Good

Medium

Average

Average

Mothering and Calving

 

 

Breed 

Pre-weaning growth 

Post-weaning growth 

Puberty 

Optimal slaughter weight (kg) 

Age of fattening 

Muscling 

Feed efficiency 

Angus

Average

Low

Early

440

Early

Average

Average

Blonde d’Aquitaine

Good

Good

Average

520

Late

Good

Good

Charolais

Excellent

Excellent

Late

560

Late

Excellent

Good

Chianina

Excellent

Excellent

Late

610

Late

Excellent

Good

Galloway

Low

Low

Early

420

Average

Average

Average

Hereford

Low

Average

Average

490

Early

Average

Average

Limousin

Good

Good

Average

510

Late

Good

Average

Murray Grey

Good

Average

Early

470

Average

Good

Average

Santa Gertrudis

Good

Good

Late

510

Average

Average

Good

Simmental

Excellent

Excellent

Average

550

Late

Good

Excellent

Welsh Black

Average

Low

Average

420

Early

Low

Low

Growth

 

Breed 

Mature size

Longevity 

Disposition 

Cold tolerance 

Health  

(Freedom from general defects) 

Horned 

Polled 

Terminal 

Rotational 

Angus

Small

Good

Average

Good

Good

 

X

 

X

Blonde d’Aquitaine

Large

Average

Average

Average

Average

X

 

X

X

Charolais

Large

Low

Average

Average

Good

X

 

X

 

Chianina

Large

Average

Average

Low

Excellent

X

 

X

 

Galloway

Small

Good

Average

Excellent

Excellent

 

X

 

X

Hereford

Medium

Good

Good

Good

Excellent

X

 

 

X

Limousin

Medium

Average

Average

Average

Good

X

 

X

X

Murray Grey

Medium

Good

Good

Average

Good

 

X

 

X

Santa Gertrudis

Medium

Low

Average

Low

Average

X

X

X

X

Simmental

Large

Good

Good

Average

Excellent

X

X

X

X

Welsh Black

Small

Average

Average

Good

Average

X

 

 

 

General  Attributes


[1] Officially recorded. There seems to be some anecdotal evidence of small herds prior to this, but nothing is officially recorded.

 

After looking over a number of breeds, falling in love with the concept of some (like the monstrous Chainani) and rejecting others for a range of reasons, I focussed in on the Welsh Black.

They have a fascinating history, and it was practically impossible to seperate the History of the breed from the History of the Welsh people. Which, probably distracted me for far too long, to be honest, but in the end, I managed to put together a presentation to meet the needs of both my own research and the diploma assesment criteria. For the sake of posterity, and perhaps a little egocentric justification of my time and effort, a copy of the slides and their notes is available for viewing below.

Next week, I hope to also have the climate change risk management assignment completed, which should segway neatly into the Environmental Best Management Practices and the EFP course I am undertaking that commences next week.

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s